General Information

Monrovia is the capital city of Liberia and the largest city in the country. It was named after President James Monroe. It has a population of 1,010,709 according to 2008 census, which constitutes home for about 29% of the total population of Liberia. Located on the Atlantic coast and the St. Paul River, it also has a modern and sophisticated harbor that dominates the country's economy.
Monrovia is also Liberia's educational and cultural center, which hosts the University of Liberia, the country's financial center, and the Central Bank of Liberia.


Geographic Information

The Republic of Liberia is located in West Africa; it is also one of only two countries that were not part of the European colonial conflict on the African continent. The state was established in the early 19th century with the assistance of an American association that tried to resettle the liberated black American in Africa, believing that they could establish such former African countries which can provide them with the freedom and equality they aspire to.

Liberia was established by liberated Americans with black skin  in 1847, where they put in place a system of administration similar to the system of United States of America, and new arrivals from the United States dominated the vital sectors of the country, despite being in minority to the indigenous people. Liberia has passed through its history since that period through different stages of political instability, which led to destruction of its economy to become one of the poorest countries in the world.

Liberia is located in the western part of the continent, bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the south-west, and to the west by the Republic of Sierra Leone, Guinea to the north, and to the east by the Republic of Côte d'Ivoire. The nature of the surface consists of flat plains in the Sahel region, and the low-altitude mountains in the far northeast. The country is located in the tropical region where hot climate and rainforests prevail in the northern region, with year-round rains with short breaks of dusty winds.


The society

The Liberian community consists of diverse ethnic groups, of which about 95% are indigenous, while the rest are descendants of former black people and black people from the Caribbean, as well as communities from India, Lebanon and some western African countries. The Liberian constitution restricts the country's citizenship to people of African origin only. English is the official language of the country, although there are more than thirty other languages spread among the population.